Hello – A physician may bill the pro fee (mod 26) for interpretation without a face-to-face visit. This doesn’t vary by specialty as far as I know, but it does mean meeting requirements for written reports. Consider the reference to diagnostic test interpretation as a non-face-to-face service in the rules for new or established patient E/M (e.g., “An interpretation of a diagnostic test, reading an x-ray or EKG etc., in the absence of an E/M service or other face-to-face service with the patient does not affect the designation of a new patient” – p. 51, http://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Guidance/Manuals/Downloads/clm104c12.pdf).
Also, Medicare has a (now-delayed) place of service rule change that includes the expectation that the professional component may be performed by a physician/practitioner at a site that is distant from the face-to-face service: “In cases where the face-to-face requirement is obviated such as those when a physician/practitioner provides the professional component (PC)/interpretation of a diagnostic test, from a distant site, the POS code assigned by the physician /practitioner shall be the setting in which the beneficiary received the technical component (TC) service. For example: A beneficiary receives an MRI at an outpatient hospital near his/her home. The hospital submits a claim that would correspond to the TC portion of the MRI. The physician furnishes the PC portion of the beneficiary’s MRI from his/her office location – POS code 22 shall be used on the physician’s claim for the PC to indicate that the beneficiary received the face-to-face portion of the MRI, the TC, at the outpatient hospital.” http://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Guidance/Transmittals/downloads//R2407CP.pdf; http://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNMattersArticles/downloads/MM7631.pdf
As for date of service, I’ve heard experts recommend using the date of service of the diagnostic procedure as the date of service on the physician’s professional component claim (rather than using the date the physician read the study). As always, if your payer provides a written policy, you should follow that guidance for that payer. At one point, CMS released a transmittal (1823) saying you should use the interpretation date, but that was rescinded.