If you are unclear whether the physician performed chemoembolization, look to the diagnosis code, says Yvonne Almanza, RHIT, coder in the radiology department at The Methodist Hospital in Houston. She recommends reading the operative report carefully to look for the key words "injection" and "islet cell transplant." "If the report states that the diagnosis is a hepatic tumor (155.x), then more than likely, the patient is there for treatment with embolization." Select the Codes During chemoembolization, the physician injects chemotherapy drugs into the patient's hepatic artery, and then blocks the artery to stop blood supply to the tumor. Because no single code describes both services, you should report both 37204 (Transcatheter occlusion or embolization [e.g., for tumor destruction, to achieve hemostasis, to occlude a vascular malformation], percutaneous, any method, non-central nervous system, non-head or neck) and 75894 (Transcatheter therapy, embolization, any method, radiological supervision and interpretation). But don't submit your claim just yet. "You also want to bill for the angiogram selection," Almanza says. "For the physician to embolize the hepatic artery, he must first select the artery, and this is where you select a code from the 36245-36248 range (Selective catheter placement, arterial system ...)," depending on the artery branch location.
"If the physician also performs a medically necessary angiogram, you should report 75726 (Angiography, visceral, selective or supraselective [with or without flush aortogram], radiological supervision and interpretation) along with the selection codes," Almanza says. Report Four Codes,No Modifiers If you perform transcatheter arterial chemoem-bolization with an initial second-order abdominal catheter placement and a visceral angiogram, you should report 37204, 75894, 36246 and 75726. You should not append any modifiers unless your carrier requests modifier -51 (Multiple procedures), but most carriers add this modifier on their own when necessary.
Because Medicare does not maintain a national coverage policy for chemoembolization, you should check your carrier's guidelines before submitting claims for this service. Reimbursement varies widely, and some insurers, such as BlueCross/BlueShield (BC/BS) of both Massachusetts and North Carolina, only cover chemoem-bolization on a case-by-case basis. For example, BC/BS [...]