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Pathology/Lab Coding Alert

Don't Miss Payment for New Electrophoresis Codes

- Published on Wed, Jun 08, 2005
Look for pro-fee denials with non-serum sources You've always billed for your pathologists' protein and immunofixation electrophoresis interpretations, but suddenly you're getting denied - what gives? The answer is an administrative snafu with CMS payment for CPT 84166 and 86335.

Be on the lookout for claim denials when you bill the professional fee for these codes using modifier -26 (Professional component). Then use the documentation our experts provide to file an appeal with your carrier. CPT Splits Electrophoresis Codes by Specimen Type You used to report protein and immunofixation electrophoresis using just two codes regardless of the source: 84165 (Protein; electrophoretic fractionation and quantitation) and 86334 (Immunofixation electrophoresis). But CPT 2005 changed this coding by revising 84165 and 86334 and adding new codes 84166 and 86335. CPT revised the existing codes to specify that the sample source is serum:

 84165 - Protein; electrophoretic fractionation and quantitation, serum

 86334 - Immunofixation electrophoresis; serum. CPT also added two new codes for the same test when the lab performs it on fluid sources other than serum:
 84166 - Protein; electrophoretic fractionation and quantitation, other fluids with concentration (e.g., urine, CSF)

 86335 - Immunofixation electrophoresis; other fluids with concentration (e.g., urine, CSF).

The new codes are the source of some Medicare denials when you bill the professional fee. "We were having some problems with reimbursement for codes 84166 and 86335 billed with modifier -26, but we spoke with our carrier, and it has corrected the situation," says Beverly Bloedow, coding resource specialist for Hospital Pathology Associates in Minneapolis. Law Limits Clinical Lab Interpretation The problem stems from Medicare's list of covered clinical laboratory interpretive services. "The Medicare Claims Processing Manual (CMS IOM Pub. 100-4), Chapter 12, Section 60E, includes a table of 18 clinical laboratory tests that a pathologist may interpret and report with modifier -26 under conditions that meet the coverage criteria," says Dennis Padget, MBA, CPA, FHFMA, president of DLPadget Enterprises Inc., a pathology business practices publishing company in Simpsonville, Ky. Although the instructions provide that "CMS periodically reviews this list and adds or deletes clinical laboratory codes as warranted," CMS has not updated the list to accommodate the electrophoresis code changes. That's apparently why some carriers won't pay the pathologist's interpretation service.

Pathologists regularly interpret and report protein and immunofixation electrophoresis tests on serum, urine, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and other human body fluids. "Since 1992, Medicare Part B contractors have paid for these professional services, irrespective of the type of body fluid that is the specimen," Padget says. "Section 60E nowhere suggests that coverage for code 84165-26 and/or 86334-26 may depend on the type of specimen, nor should it," he says.

But now you have to report non-serum protein and immunofixation electrophoresis [...]

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CPT® Code 86334 Details
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